Country Heritage: Gary Stewart – A Short Life Of Trouble (1944-2003)

Country Heritage: Gary Stewart

A few years ago, the venerable Ralph Stanley issued an album titled A Short Life of Trouble: Songs of Grayson and Whitter. Neither Grayson nor Whitter, a musical partnership of the late 1920s, lived to be fifty years old. Beyond that I don’t know much about the duo, but the title certainly would apply to the life of Gary Stewart.

Gary Stewart was a hard rocking, hard drinking artist who arrived at the wrong time and in the wrong place. Often described as “too country for rock radio and too rock for country radio”, Gary simply arrived on the market at the wrong time for his rocking brand of hard-core honky-tonk music to achieve general acceptance, for his music was neither outlaw nor countrypolitan, the two dominant strains of country music during the 1970s.

Gary Stewart was born in Kentucky, the son of a coal miner who suffered a disabling injury when Gary was a teenager. As a result Gary’s family relocated to Fort Pierce, Florida, where Gary learned to play guitar and piano and started writing songs. Playing the clubs at night, while working a full-time job in an airplane factory, Gary had the good fortune to meet Mel Tillis. Mel encouraged Gary to travel to Nashville to pitch his songs. While early recording efforts for minor labels failed to interest radio, Gary achieved some success pitching songs to other artists. Among the early efforts were “Poor Red Georgia Dirt”, a 1965 hit for Stonewall Jackson and “Sweet Thang and Cisco” a top ten record for Nat Stuckey in 1969 . Other artists also recorded his songs, most notably Billy Walker (“She Goes Walking Through My Mind,” “Traces of a Woman,” “It’s Time to Love Her”) and Cal Smith (“You Can’t Housebreak a Tomcat”, “It Takes Me All Night Long”).

In 1968 Gary was signed by Kapp Records where he recorded several unsuccessful singles. Disheartened, Gary headed back to Fort Pierce, again playing the skull orchards and juke joints.

Sometimes an artist needs help discovering his musical muse. Sometimes, as in the case of Hank Williams Jr, that help comes in the form of a near calamity that forces the artist to reassess matters. Other times that help comes in the form of a musical mentor to help mold and shape the raw talent. In the late 1960s, Gary started pitching material to Jerry Bradley, who would soon assume a position of prominence with RCA, bringing Gary with him in the process, where he hooked up with producer Roy Dea. Like Fred Foster with Roy Orbison or Ken Nelson with Sonny James, Dea seemed to know how to extract the best from Gary Stewart. This meant prominent steel guitar and a notable absence of the trappings of the “Nashville Sound” such as strings and vocal choruses.

After an initial cover of the Allman Brothers’ “Ramblin’ Man” , which charted at #63 , Gary released “Drinkin’ Thing” which reached #10. The song was a stunning piece of honky-tonk released at a time when honky-tonk was almost extinct, replaced by “Nashville Sound” recordings and by “Outlaw County”. It harkened back to the earlier era of Ernest Tubb and Floyd Tillman, but with lyrics far more arch than either of them would have recorded. “Drinkin’ Thing” was followed by his first #1 record “Out Of Hand” (#1 Cashbox, #4 Billboard) and then by his biggest hit “She’s Actin‘ Single (I’m Drinkin’ Doubles)” which reached #1 on all of the charts . As John Morthland put it in his classic book The Best of Country Music: “Stewart knows all about bow-legged country girls and blustering men, empty beds and emptied bottles, wedding bands and wandering eyes. He’ll be happy to tell you more than you need to know about drinking too much and going home with the wrong person – or worse yet, going home alone because the right person went home home with the wrong person.”

Out Of Hand was Gary’s country masterpiece, containing all three of Gary’s top ten hits, as well as a song Gary wrote that was a #1 hit in 1974 for Conway Twitty in “I See The Want-to In Your Eyes“ . It was also the only Gary Stewart album that was sufficiently country that all of the tracks could be played on country radio.

At heart Gary was really a rocker with some country sensitivities and subsequent records were more rock than country, although still too country to gain much acceptance on rock radio. After the three top ten records on Out Of Hand, Gary would only ring up six more top twenty records, with “Your Place Or Mine” reaching #11 in 1977, the bitter “Ten Years of This” reaching #16 in 1977 and “Whiskey Trip” reaching #16 in 1978. Along the way Gary recorded a song that might be regarded as his theme song in “Flat Natural Born Good-Timin’ Man” which reached #20 in 1975 as the official follow up to “She’s Actin’ Single (I’m Drinkin’ Doubles)” . After “Whiskey Trip” Gary would never again reach the top thirty.

Dea split from RCA in 1980, a year which saw Gary release the Chips Moman-produced Cactus and a Rose which featured Southern rockers Gregg Allman, Dickey Betts, Mike Lawler, and Bonnie Bramlett as guest artists.

Gary remained on RCA through 1983, his last RCA recordings being part of a misguided pairing with Dean Dillon. RCA hoped to (a) revive Gary’s flagging career and (b) introduce Dean Dillon to the American public. While there were some interesting recordings released, none of the duet recordings reached the top forty, which was to be expected since Stewart’s wild, vibrato-laden tenor voice does not lend itself to duets and Dean Dillon’s voice does not lend itself to singing.

Released by RCA in 1983, Gary issued a few singles on minor labels, returning to Florida where he indulged the honky-tonk life of alcohol and drugs. During this period his son Gary Joseph committed suicide, apparently a result of drugs or alcohol.

Toward the end of the decade Gary pulled himself together, emerging on Hightone Records, where, reunited with Roy Dea, he issued some critcally acclaimed albums but no hits. Gary continued touring playing to large and enthusiastic crowds but on November 26 ,2003, Mary Lou, his wife of 43 years, died of pneumonia. Gary was unable to live without her and committed suicide, his body being discovered on December 16, 2003 by his daughter’s boyfriend and Bill Hardaman, a long-time friend of Gary’s.

DISCOGRAPHY
VINYL

There are three vinyl albums of interest to fans of honky-tonk country. The first is the RCA classic Out Of Hand, the second is an album that MCA issued of Kapp material in 1975 titled You’re Not The Woman You Used To Be (featuring songs written by Gary with friend Bill Ethridge), and the third is the RCA Greatest Hits which includes the big three plus his other top twenty singles except “You’re Not The Woman You Used To Be” which was an old Kapp recording released by MCA in 1975.

Other RCA albums will lean more heavily toward Southern Rock, although there are songs on each of them that fans of traditional country music might enjoy. Many fans of Southern Rock consider his 1978 offering Little Junior to be his best album, with as hard-edged a collection of songs as one is ever likely to hear. “Whiskey Trip” “Tequila After Midnight” and “Little Junior” are the standout tracks, but even the classic country tunes such as “Honky Tonkin’ “ and the Louvin Brothers classic “You’re Running Wild” have a hard edge to them.

COMPACT DISC
Given his relative lack of commercial success, Gary Stewart is well represented on CD. Recently available CDs include the following:

The Essential Gary Stewart – This is a collection of Gary’s biggest hits on RCA plus a few key album tracks.

Best of the Hightone Years – Gary had no real hits on Hightone, but this CD is a nice collection of late 80s – early 90s tracks for a gutsy independent label

Cactus And A Rose/Collector’s Series – an odd two-fer of the RCA material with the Moman-produced Cactus And A Rose album coupled with one of RCA’s variations of a hits collection.

Steppin’ Out/Little Junior – a two-fer of RCA material consisting of Gary’s two best quasi-Country/quasi-Southern Rock albums.

Brand New – Gary’s 1988 comeback album on Hightone, a good effort throughout.

Live At Billy Bob’s – a nice, slightly post-peak recording of Gary before a live audience. The voice is a little frayed but it’s still worth having.

Brotherly Love / Those Were The Days – this set is comprised of the album and the mini-album RCA issued of Gary dueting with Dean Dillon, plus a bunch of Dean Dillon solo recordings, many of which later became hits for others.

Several other CDs have been available at various times over the years so search of stores that sell used product may yield additional titles such as Out Of Hand and I’m A Texan.

Country Heritage – Johnny Darrell

COUNTRY HERITAGE – JOHNNY DARRELL
For a few years during the late 1960s, Johnny Darrell was my favorite country artist. His career didn’t endure but he provided some great songs with great performances. His phrasing on songs such as “With Pen In Hand”, a song recorded by dozens of artists, set him apart from other artists.

One of life’s biggest mysteries (or at least one of country music’s biggest mysteries) is why Johnny Darrell (1940-1997) never became a star. Arguably country music’s first “outlaw,” Darrell recorded for United Artists, a major label, from 1965 to about 1973, but United was only a bit player in country music, and so Darrell’s records didn’t get the major promotional effort they deserved. Moreover, Darrell had the reputation of being difficult and somewhat unreliable because of his drinking.
Darrell had a clear, strong, and masculine voice – somewhere between tenor and baritone, but his true strength was in identifying great songs and great songwriters. Among the songs he was the first to record were (with subsequent cover artist in parenthesis):

• “Green Green Grass of Home” #12 CB (Porter Wagoner, Tom Jones)
• “Ruby Don’t Take Your Love to Town” #7 CB / 9 BB (Kenny Rogers)
• “Son of Hickory Holler’s Tramp” #14 CB / 22 BB (O.C. Smith)
• “With Pen in Hand” #3 BB / 4 CB (Billy Vera, Vikki Carr)

Darrell’s biggest hit was “With Pen In Hand,” which rose to #3 on the country charts. A much inferior cover by Billy Vera was simultaneously a hit on the pop charts, and if United Artists had done a decent job of promoting and distributing Darrell’s version – which was nearly impossible to find for purchase in many parts of the country – it almost surely would have crossed over and taken the place of Vera’s.

Darrell’s most remembered record today is his rocking version of “Why You Been Gone So Long,” written by Mickey Newbury, which rose to #17 BB/20 CB with a smattering of pop airplay as well.
All told, United Artists issued seven albums on Darrell, plus a handful of budget reissues on its Sunset label:

As Long As The Winds Blow (1966, United Artists)
Ruby, Don’t Take Your Love to Town (1967, United Artists)
The Son of Hickory Holler’s Tramp (1968, United Artists)
With Pen in Hand (1968, United Artists)
Why You Been Gone So Long (1969, United Artists)
California Stop-Over (1970, United Artists)
The Best Of Johnny Darrell (1970, United Artists)

His first five albums followed the usual pattern for country albums: one or two singles, a few covers, and some filler. Where Darrell’s albums differed from the norm, however, was in the fact that the filler wasn’t really filler at all, and that the covers were sometimes of lesser hits. His first album featured an early Kris Kristofferson song, “Don’t Tell My Little Girl,” as well as a Bobby Bare composition, “Passin’ Through,” and his second, Ruby, Don’t Take Your Love To Town, featured a June Carter/Johnny Cash composition, “She’s Mighty Gone.”

The majority of Darrell’s catalogue was recorded in Nashville, but due to his inability to score the big country hit, United Artists tried recording his later work in California. It was there that Johnny uncovered gems by then-largely unknown songwriters such as Mickey Newbury, Lowell George, Jackson Browne and Ronnie Self. Unfortunately, the album California Stop-Over again failed to produce hits, but did eventually become a collector’s item, especially among fans of The Byrds, due to Clarence White’s guitar work on the album.

After the relative commercial failure of California Stop-Over, United Artists and Darrell parted company, largely marking the end of his career, but for only a few more singles and one more album of new material (Water Glass Full of Whiskey, Capricorn, 1975).

After a lengthy hiatus, Johnny Darrell returned to performing and songwriting during the late 1980s but after that he was generally out of sight and out of mind for the last decade of his life. Given how little recognition he got during his peak years, this didn’t represent much of a change for him. Among the few accolades he received were Cashbox Magazine’s “Most Promising Male Artist” for 1966, and selection, after his death, as an Achiever to the Alabama Music Hall of Fame.

Darrell struggled with a deadly combination of alcohol and diabetes, leading to his untimely death at age 57. Unfortunately, very little of the singer’s material is now commercially available – the Australian label Raven issued a CD combining his greatest hits with California Stop-Over in 1999 (Singin’ It Lonesome — The Very Best… 1965-1970), a collection currently available from the Ernest Tubb Record Shop and well worth acquiring. More readily available is The Complete Gusto/Starday Recordings, an album of remakes which find Darrell in typically strong voice, although they lack the sparkle of the original recordings.

For collector of vinyl http://www.musicstack.com/ is a good clearinghouse for hundreds of record dealers. I have purchased records through them in the past with quite satisfactory results.

Curious Case of The Groovy Grubworm 2

The Curious Case of The ‘Groovy Grubworm’ (and other chart confusion) – Part One

Look at the gap between Billboard and Cashbox on “Wings Upon Your Horns” by Loretta Lynn. #1 in Cashbox and #11 in Billboard. That’s quite a difference, although I read somewhere that some of Billboard’s reporting stations found the topic matter too racy and banned the record .

I recently obtained Joel Whitburn’s new book on the Music Vendor / Record World pop charts from 1954-1982. Because Record World was more sales oriented than Billboard, there are some significant differences between the two charts. Because the genesis of the original article was “Groovy Grubworm” by Harlow Wilcox and the Oakies (#1 Cashbox country / #42 Billboard country) , I started with that song. Unfortunately I don’t have the Record World country charts except for the 1970s, but the Record World pop charts tend not to lend clarity to this particular issue as Record World had “Groovy Grubworm” do better on its pop charts than did either Cashbox or Billboard, with the song peaking at #23 and hanging on the charts for 13 weeks .

I haven’t had much time to peruse the book but it seems that country songs did a little better over the years on Record World than they did on Billboard – that may be a mistaken impression. I did notice that “A Boy Named Sue” which got marooned at #2 behind the Rolling Stones’ “Honky Tonk Women” , pushed past the Stones the week of September 6, 1969 for a one week stay at #1 on the pop charts.

Noted sage and country historian Ken Johnson feels that charts were subject to some manipulation; moreover, charts were tallied manually rather than by computer and were subject to considerable error and possible manipulation. According to Ken “sometimes as easy as the record label rep just asking the reporting record shop or radio station to report a particular record as their top seller or most requested item in return for some type of “consideration.”.

Of course, the “X” factor is regional hits. Four records particularly come to mind for me from 1968 when I lived in the Norfolk, VA area. None of the four records were monsters nationally but all four were top five records in our area according to the two radio stations that covered the area, WCMS-AM in Norfolk, VA and WTID-AM in Newport News, VA. The two stations were independently owned and operated yet both showed the four songs as huge hits in the area – and all received much airplay. WCMS printed a top forty chart weekly. WTID had a Friday night Top Five Countdown

“Undo The Right” by Johnny Bush spent five weeks at #1 on WCMS and it reached #1 for a week or two on WTID. Nationally the record reached #10

“Sounds of Goodbye” by George Morgan reached the top three on both stations. Nationally the record hit #31 but the song was recorded and released by Tommy Cash and the Gosdin Brothers, splitting the national chart action

“Punish Me Tomorrow” by Carl Butler & Pearl hit the top five on both stations – it reached #28 on the national charts. The flip side “Goodbye Tennessee” also received airplay on both stations placing in the top forty on WCMS (“Goodbye Tennessee” did not reach the national charts).

In November and December 1968, “Got Leaving On Her Mind” by Mac Wiseman received much airplay on both stations – I don’t know where it peaked on WCMS because Dad was transferred to London, England and we left the USA the first week of January 1969. It had reached #3 locally as of that week but I suspect it was on its way down – nationally it peaked at #54. I think the single was the only one released on MGM by Wiseman – the record store I frequented said it flew off the shelves

I wish I could get my hands on the WCMS charts my mother threw away when we moved – there were quite a few songs that were national hits that received little airplay on WCMS (or in some cases, the record was flipped by local DJs, splitting the local airplay).